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The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR)

telc examinations are designed to reflect the demands and competences of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, teaching, assessment.

What is the CEFR?

The CEFR is a framework used to describe achievements and proficiency of learners of foreign languages.  It was designed to provide a transparent, coherent and comprehensive basis for the development of language syllabuses and curriculum guidelines, the design of teaching and learning materials, and the assessment of foreign language proficiency.  It is used across Europe but also in other continents and is now available in 39 languages.

The CEFR describes foreign language proficiency at six levels (A1 and A2, B1 and B2, C1 and C2) by specifying what learners at each stage are able to understand and express. The scheme makes it possible to compare tests and examinations across languages and national boundaries.

The CEFR defines levels of progress as follows:

A1 and A2: basic language skills
B1 and B2: independent use of language
C1 und C2: proficient use of language

Upon completing training at these levels, you will have the following skills:

Listening

understand familiar words and simple phrases when they are spoken slowly and clearly

Reading

comprehend single words and simple sentences, e.g. signs and billboards

Speaking

communicate in short, simple phrases

Writing

produce short, simple notes and postcards and fill in forms

Listening

understand the overall meaning of short, simple, clearly spoken messages

Reading

read and comprehend short, simple text, e.g. advertisements and personal correspondence

Speaking

make yourself understood with a series of sentences in familiar everyday situations

Writing

produce short, simple notes, messages, emails and personal letters

Listening

understand important information regarding work, school, free time, etc

Reading

comprehend texts written in everyday language for general and job-related purposes

Speaking

participate in conversations regarding family, hobbies, work, travel and current events

Writing

produce simple, connected text on familiar themes and topics

Listening

follow lengthy statements and reports as well as most films and TV programmes when the topics are somewhat familiar

Reading

understand articles, reports and contemporary literary prose

Speaking

relay ideas relatively fluently and spontaneously, and actively participate in discussions

Writing

produce detailed texts such as essays, reports and letters, and present arguments effectively

Listening

understand lengthy reports, lectures, TV programmes and films without great effort

Reading

comprehend complex and lengthy texts of a specialised or literary nature

Speaking

express thoughts spontaneously, fluently and precisely

Writing

produce clear, well-structured texts in appropriate style on complex subjects

Listening

understand spoken language with ease, even when spoken quickly

Reading

comprehend original texts of any complexity with ease

Speaking

participate effortlessly in all conversations and discussions, understanding and using colloquial language

Writing

produce sophisticated and complex texts, summarize and discuss specialized texts and literature

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